The Department is a Department in the Federal Ministry of Transportation headed by the Director.
The department has three divisions namely:
1. Rail transport Services Division;
2. Rail Modernization and Rehabilitation Division; and
3. Rail Planning and Development Division.
i. Formulates all rail Transport policy for the country;
ii. Ensuresprovision of efficient rail transport Services;
iii. Develops rail transport system for the country;
iv. Implements comprehensive rail rehabilitation;
vi. Implement rail modernization project
vii. Regulates rail Transport serviecs including fares;
viii. Reviews rail transport policies and regulations in liaison with Engineering Department
ix. Oversees tha activities of Nigeria Railway Coorpoation (NRC);
x. Processes railway infrastructure thoughout the country; and
xi. Licenses of private railways operators.